William Perkin

William Perkin

William Perkin

Birth : (1838-03-12)12 March 1838 London, England

Death : 14 July 1907(1907-07-14)(aged 69) London, England

Personal Information

Name William Perkin
Birth (1838-03-12)12 March 1838 London, England
Birth Place London, England
Death (1907-07-14)(aged 69) London, England
Died At London, England
Nationality British
Fields Chemistry
Famous Research Anilinedye,mauveine,Perkin triangle

Word Cloud

Events Occured in Scienctist Life

1838

Sir William Henry Perkin, (12 March 1838 – 14 July 1907) was a British chemist and entrepreneur best known for his serendipitous discovery of the first synthetic organic dye, mauveine, made from aniline.

1853

In 1853, at the age of 15, Perkin entered the Royal College of Chemistry in London (now part of Imperial College London), where he began his studies under August Wilhelm von Hofmann.

1856

During the Easter vacation in 1856, Perkin performed some further experiments in the crude laboratory in his apartment on the top floor of his home in Cable Street in east London.

1856

Perkin filed for a patent in August 1856, when he was still only 18.

2012

This discovery was the subject of a question on the 2012 season of the BBC quiz show Eggheads.

2013

The Travel Channel featured the Perkin discovery on the 24 January 2013 (S4.E8) show of Mysteries at the Museum.

1869

In 1869, Perkin found a method for the commercial production from anthracene of the brilliant red dye alizarin, which had been isolated and identified from madder root some forty years earlier in 1826 by the French chemist Pierre Robiquet, simultaneously with purpurin, another red dye of lesser industrial interest, but the German chemical company BASF patented the same process one day before he did.

1890

By the 1890s, Germany had a near-monopoly on the business and Perkin was compelled to sell off his holdings and retire.

1907

Death Perkin died in 1907 of pneumonia and other complications resulting from a burst appendix.

1907

His will was proved on 28 August 1907 at £86,231 4s.

1859

Family Perkin married Jemima Harriet, the daughter of John Lissett, in 1859, which resulted in two sons, (William Henry Perkin Jr. and Arthur George Perkin).

1866

In June 1866, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.

1879

In 1879, received their Royal Medal and, in 1889, their Davy Medal.

1906

He was knighted in 1906, and in the same year was awarded the first Perkin Medal, established to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of his discovery of mauveine.

2018

On 12 March 2018, search engine Google showed a Google Doodle to mark Perkin's 180th Birthday.

2013

In 2013, the William Perkin Church of England High School opened in Greenford, Middlesex.

2007

Since 2007, when Imperial College London gained its own Royal Charter, the Academic dress of Imperial College London features purple across the range of garments to celebrate the work of Perkin.

2015

In 2015, President of the College, Professor Alice Gast, stated that: "The colour purple symbolises the spirit of endeavour and discovery, and the risk-taking nature that characterises those with an Imperial education and training."

200

How One Man Invented a Colour that Changed the World, ISBN 0-393-02005-3 (2000).