Josiah Whitney

Josiah Whitney

Josiah Whitney

Birth : (1819-11-23)November 23, 1819 Northampton, Massachusetts

Death : August 18, 1896(1896-08-19)(aged 76) Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire

Personal Information

Name Josiah Whitney
Birth (1819-11-23)November 23, 1819 Northampton, Massachusetts
Birth Place Northampton, Massachusetts
Death (1896-08-19)(aged 76) Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire
Died At Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire
Nationality United States
Alma Mater Yale University
Famous Research Mount Whitney

Word Cloud

Events Occured in Scienctist Life

1819

Early years Whitney was born November 23, 1819 in Northampton, Massachusetts, the oldest of 12 children.

1836

In 1836, he entered Yale University where he studied chemistry, mineralogy and astronomy.

1839

After graduation in 1839, he continued to study chemistry in Philadelphia, and in 1840 he joined a geologic survey of New Hampshire as an unpaid assistant to Charles T. Jackson.

1841

In 1841, he was preparing to enter Harvard Law School, when he happened to hear a lecture on geology by Charles Lyell.

1842

He decided to change career plans and sailed to Europe in 1842 to continue his studies in science.

1847

When Whitney returned home in 1847, he and John Wells Foster were hired to assist Charles T. Jackson in making a federal survey, of the Lake Superior land district of northern Michigan, which was about to become a major copper and iron mining region.

1850

When Jackson was dismissed from the survey, Foster and Whitney completed it in 1850 and the final report was published under their names.

1854

Building on this experience, Whitney became a mining consultant, and eventually wrote the book, Metallic Wealth of the United States (1854).

1850

During the 1850s, Whitney participated in geological surveys of Iowa, Illinois, and Wisconsin.

1855

He was appointed state chemist and professor in the Iowa State University in 1855, and together with James Hall, he issued reports on Iowa's geological survey (1858-1859).

1858

In 1858-1860, he took part in the survey of the lead region of the Upper Missouri River, publishing, again with Hall, a report in 1862.

1860

In 1860, he was appointed the state geologist for California and was instructed by the legislature to undertake a comprehensive geologic survey of the state.

1867

In 1867, the survey was eliminated from the budget, and work was suspended in 1868.

1874

Although the California Geological Survey ceased work when funds were eliminated, Whitney managed to retain the title of state geologist until 1874.

1880

In fact, California was left without a geological agency until 1880, when the legislature created the State Mining Bureau, which was empowered—after the legislators' experience with Whitney—only to address mining issues, and set up with a board of trustees to keep the new agency focused on that narrow purpose.

1928

One or two bureau chiefs tried to broaden the scope to include geology, but the bureau was not allowed to hire a geologist until 1928, six decades after the old survey's demise.

1869

Whitney also wrote The Yosemite Book (1869), which was essentially a travel guide to Yosemite Valley and the surrounding area.

1000

However, others assert that the skull is much younger, as little as 1000 years.

1874

But Silliman was ultimately vindicated - first in 1874 when the first major California oil strike occurred, and then in subsequent decades when California went on to produce 80 million barrels per year by 1910 - 40% of total U.S. domestic oil production.

1865

In 1865, Whitney was appointed to the Harvard faculty in order to found a school of mines.

1874

When the survey work was definitively ended in 1874, Whitney returned to Harvard and opened the school of mines, which was quickly merged a year later into the Lawrence Scientific School.

1819

Whitney married Louisa Goddard (born in Manchester, England, December 17, 1819; died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 13, 1882) on July 5, 1854.

1877

She wrote The Burning of the Convent: a Narrative of the Destruction of the Ursuline School on Mount Benedict, Charlestown, by One of the Pupils (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1877), and Peasy's Childhood: an Autobiography (1878).

1856

Their daughter Eleanor Goddard Whitney was born on November 29, 1856.

1882

He named Lake Eleanor in Yosemite National Park for his daughter, who died in 1882.

1896

Josiah Whitney died at Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire, on August 18, 1896.

1878

Later reprinted without photographs as The Yosemite Guide-Book Whitney, Josiah D. (1878).