Israel Charles White

Israel Charles White

Israel Charles White

Birth : (1848-11-01)November 1, 1848 Monongalia CountyWest Virginia, U.S.

Death : November 24, 1927(1927-11-24)(aged 79) BaltimoreMaryland, U.S.

Personal Information

Name Israel Charles White
Birth (1848-11-01)November 1, 1848 Monongalia CountyWest Virginia, U.S.
Birth Place Monongalia CountyWest Virginia, U.S.
Death (1927-11-24)(aged 79) BaltimoreMaryland, U.S.
Died At BaltimoreMaryland, U.S.
Nationality American
Alma Mater West Virginia University,Columbia School of Mines,University of Arkansas
Fields Geology
Famous Research Geology of West Virginia

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Events Occured in Scienctist Life


Israel Charles White (November 1, 1848 – November 24, 1927) was an eminent geologist and professor, internationally known, and the first state geologist of West Virginia.


White graduated from West Virginia University in June 1872 with a bachelor's degree in Geology and did postgraduate studies in Geology and Chemistry from Columbia School of Mines and received a doctoral degree from the University of Arkansas in 1880.


He began his career in 1875 as an assistant geologist in Pennsylvania.


In 1877 he assumed the chair of Geology at West Virginia University, where he taught until 1892.


From 1884 to 1888, he worked as an assistant geologist for the United States Geological Survey, focusing on coal in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia.


He worked as a geologist at the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey from 1897 onwards, eventually becoming chief of staff.


White field tested the "Anticlinal Theory" for oil and gas exploration in 1883.


White then went on to discover the Pennsylvania and Washington gas and oil field, the Grapeville gas field, the Belle Vernon field, and then in 1889, the Mannington oil field.


In 1904 he was hired by the Brazilian government as head of the "Comissão de Estudos das Minas de Carvão de Pedra do Brasil" (Commission for Studies on Brazilian Coal Mines), whose aim was to identify the potential of Brazilian coal, and whose report, published in 1908, was a milestone for understanding the geology of the Paraná Basin in Southern Brazil.


This report had an important contribution to the development of Continental Drift Theory, published by Alfred Wegener in 1912.He was the Treasurer of the Geological Society of America in 1892–1907 and its president in 1920.