Archibald Geikie

Archibald Geikie

Archibald Geikie

Birth : (1835-12-28)28 December 1835 Edinburgh, Scotland

Death : 10 November 1924(1924-11-10)(agedĀ 88) Haslemere, England

Personal Information

Name Archibald Geikie
Birth (1835-12-28)28 December 1835 Edinburgh, Scotland
Birth Place Edinburgh, Scotland
Death (1924-11-10)(agedĀ 88) Haslemere, England
Died At Haslemere, England
Nationality Scottish
Fields Geology

Word Cloud

Events Occured in Scienctist Life


Geikie was born in Edinburgh in 1835, the eldest son of Isabella Thom and her husband James Stuart Geikie, a musician and music critic.


In 1855 was appointed an assistant on the British Geological Survey.


Wielding the pen with no less facility than the hammer, he inaugurated his long list of works with The Story of a Boulder; or, Gleanings from the Note-Book of a Geologist (1858).


With Murchison some of his earliest work was done on the complicated regions of the schists of the Scottish Highlands; and the small geological map of Scotland published in 1862 was their joint work: a larger map was issued by Geikie in 1892.


In 1863 he published an important essay "On the Phenomena of the Glacial Drift of Scotland", in Transactions of the Geological Society of Glasgow, in which the effects of ice action in that country were for the first time clearly and connectedly delineated.


In 1865 Geikie's Scenery of Scotland (3rd edition, 1901) was published, which was, he claimed, the first attempt to elucidate in some detail the history of the topography of a country.


In 1867, when a separate branch of the Geological Survey was established for Scotland, he was appointed director.


On the foundation of the Murchison professorship of geology and mineralogy at the University of Edinburgh in 1871, he became the first occupant of the chair.


He continued to hold these two appointments until 1881.


In that year, he was awarded the Murchison Medal of the Geological Society of London and he succeeded Sir Andrew Ramsey in the joint offices of Director-General of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom and Director of the Museum of Practical Geology, London, from which he retired in February 1901.


Later he wrote two Survey Memoirs, The Geology of Central and Western Fife and Kinross (1900), and The Geology of Eastern Fife (1902).From the outset of his career, when he started to investigate the geology of Skye and other of the Western Isles, he took a keen interest in volcanic geology, and in 1871 he brought before the Geological Society of London an outline of the Tertiary volcanic history of Britain.


The results of his further researches were given in an essay entitled "The History of Volcanic Action during the Tertiary Period in the British Isles," in Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1888).


His views on volcanic geology were delivered in his presidential addresses to the Geological Society of London in 1891 and 1892 and afterward embodied in his book The Ancient Volcanoes of Great Britain (1897).


Other results of his travels are collected in Geological Sketches at Home and Abroad (1882).


Geikie wrote a biography of Edward Forbes (with G Wilson), and biographies of his predecessors Sir Roderick Impey Murchison (two volumes, 1875) and Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay (1895).


In 1898 he delivered the Romanes Lectures, which was published under the title of Types of Scenery and their Influence on Literature.


His other books include Scottish Reminiscences (1904) and Landscape in History and other Essays (1905).


His Birds of Shakespeare was published in 1916.


Geikie was Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society from 1890 to 1894, Joint Secretary from 1903 to 1908 and elected President in 1909 and awarded their Royal Medal in 1896.


He received the honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D) from the University of Glasgow in June 1901.He received a knighthood in 1891, the Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath in 1907 and the Order of Merit in 1914.


In 1905 he received the RSGS Livingstone Medal.


Archived from the original on 8 July 2007.