Abraham Werner

Abraham Werner

Abraham Werner

Birth : 25 September 1749 Wehrau,PrussianSilesia (nowOsiecznica, Poland)

Death : 30 June 1817(1817-07-01)(aged 67) Dresden,Kingdom of Saxony

Personal Information

Name Abraham Werner
Birth (nowOsiecznica, Poland)
Birth Place Wehrau,PrussianSilesia (nowOsiecznica, Poland)
Death (1817-07-01)(aged 67) Dresden,Kingdom of Saxony
Died At Dresden,Kingdom of Saxony
Nationality German
Alma Mater ,Freiberg Academy of Mining,University of Leipzig
Fields Geology
Institution Freiberg Academy of Mining)
Famous Research Stratification,Neptunism,Succession
Doctoral Advisor Johann Carl Gehler

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Events Occured in Scienctist Life


Abraham Gottlob Werner (25 September 1749 – 30 June 1817) was a German geologist who set out an early theory about the stratification of the Earth's crust and propounded a history of the Earth that came to be known as Neptunism.


Werner was educated at Freiberg and Leipzig, where he studied law and mining, and was then appointed as Inspector and Teacher of Mining and Mineralogy at the small, but influential, Freiberg Mining Academy in 1775.


Within a year he published the first modern textbook on descriptive mineralogy, Von den äusserlichen Kennzeichen der Fossilien (On the External Characters of Fossils ; 1774).


Werner's students Friedrich Mohs (who was in 1818 also successor to Werner's chair at the Freiberg Mining Academy), Robert Jameson and G. Mitchell even had plans to establish an institute analogous to Freiberg Mining Academy in Dublin, which were due to the death of some people involved never carried out.


He was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1810.


His former student Robert Jameson, who later became Regius Professor at the University of Edinburgh, founded the Wernerian Natural History Society in 1808 honour of Werner, which, while debating many aspects of natural history, was a bastion of the Wernerian view of the Earth.


In 1805, he described the mineral zoisite and named it after Sigmund Zois, who sent him its specimens from Saualpe in Carinthia.


Werner’s major work, Von den äußerlichen Kennzeichen der Foßilien (1774), contained a comprehensive colour scheme he had devised for the description and classification of minerals.


The work, incorporating this colour nomenclature with some modifications, was translated into French by Claudine Guyton de Morveau (née Picardet) in 1790 and into English by Thomas Weaver in 1805.


Guyton de Morveau, Paris, 1790; English translation, Treatise on the External Characters of Fossils, by Weaver, Dublin, 1805; later reprinted with notes by the Wernerian Society, Edinburgh, 1849–50).